27Sep2016 Contextual Studies Surrealism

  • (1924-1966)

Today we learned about Surrealist Landscapes.

Surrealism is a cultural movement that began in the early 1920s, and is best known for its visual artworks and writings. The aim was to “resolve the previously contradictory conditions of dream and reality”. Artists painted unnerving, illogical scenes with photographic precision, created strange creatures from everyday objects and developed painting techniques that allowed the unconscious to express itself.


Surrealism developed out of the Dada activities during World War I and the most important center of the movement was Paris. From the 1920s onward, the movement spread around the globe, eventually affecting the visual arts, literature, film, and music of many countries and languages, as well as political thought and practice, philosophy, and social theory.


The most important artist is Salvador Dalí.

Dalí was a skilled draftsman, best known for the striking and bizarre images in his surrealist work. His painterly skills are often attributed to the influence of Renaissance masters. His best-known work, The Persistence of Memory, was completed in August 1931. Dalí’s expansive artistic repertoire included film, sculpture, and photography, in collaboration with a range of artists in a variety of media.

This painting named The Persistence Of Memory . I think this painting is one of his most representative paintings. Many clocks are melted on the table , the horse and the tree. I think it means the time is distorted in a dream because the dream is surreal.

I borrowed a book wrote about Dalí . So I know The World War I moulded Dalí.
Then we cutted some animals pictures to create a new image. I worked this with Gabriel. He said this picture come from his dream. I think that should  be a nightmare. I call this painting “tentacle r”. Nobody has an eye under the jaw and another is on the nipple so it’s surreal.

By the way,these pictures are the animals which has been cut . They are funny,too.

These were artistic, literary and cultural movement of early 20th century, which would later on shape the course of modernism.

  • Dadaism was born out of negative reaction to the horrors of World War I.
  • Originated in Zurich, refugees of war made it global.
  • Dada rejected reason and logic, prized nonsense, irrationality and intuition with a tinge of humor.
  • According to Hans Richter Dada was not art: it was “anti art”.
  • Dada represented the opposite of everything which art stood for.
  • The origin of the name Dada is unclear; some believe that it’s a nonsensical word.

This is a defining art piece of Dada movement.
Which says a thousand word itself.
Fountain (Duchamp)

  • Surrealism was born mostly out of Dadaist, who perhaps got bored of all anti-art and the war itself was getting over.
  • Originated in Paris with the surrealist manifesto, It went global and influenced nearly all forms of art.
  • According to Andre breton Surrealism was, above all : a revolutionary movement.
  • Surrealism rejected logic and reason and prized the depictive, the abstract, the psychological with startling juxtapositions.
  • Through the use of unconventional techniques such as automatism and frottage, Surrealist artists attempted to tap into the dream-world of the subliminal mind (Influenced by Freudian methods).

This is a defining art piece of Surrealistic movement.
Which calls for a thousand interpretation.
The Persistence of Memory (Dali)
In short, there is more similarity in origin and what they stood against and difference in medium and style of expression.

This is just a layman’s brief, internet and other answers offers a lot more for the seeker.
More than anything, these movement are a reflection of the freedom of artist, as beautifully depicted in these lines



Surrealism is a most interesting art period. It can be anything that isn’t real. You can imagine it in different materials.

Google said ‘surrealism developed out of the dada art’. But some people think they are two different arts and the google’s idea just because the time that they appeared.Dada paved the way with its chaotic images and images of chance that allowed surrealism to grow as its own movement.

Honestly, I think they are both right. Most of the surrealism came from the psychic, but it also been affected by dada art. They are equal and balance.


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